GeographyJ. Harrington,* Head
Professors J. Harrington,* Kromm,* and White;* Associate Professors DeBres,* Goodin,* Martin,* Paul,* and Seyler;* Assistant Professors L. Harrington,* Lu,* and J. Smith;* Adjunct Professors Briggs, Darling, Lulla, Seamon,* and B. Smith;* Emeriti: Professors Bussing, Self, Siddall, and Stover.*
Geographers study the differences in human activities from one place to another, assess human impacts and responses to the environment, and resolve vital questions about current national and international situations.
Geographers also pursue more theoretical inquiry into the major problems of human society by examining spatial structure and processes using various techniques of mathematical and cartographic analysis of spatial phenomena, computer mapping, geographic information systems, and remote sensing.
A typical and traditional problem in geography concerns human impact on the land. Air pollution, contamination of waterways, decaying urban areas, destruction of the landscape, and the like, can only be well understood by examining the interrelations of factors such as technology, population density, legal structure, affluence, cultural traditions, and environment.
Geography (B.A. or B.S.)
Requirements for a major in geography:
Students may pursue a general program in geography, or may choose to develop a concentration in either environmental studies or community studies. Other concentrations may be developed to reflect the particular interests of a student. For example, a student may earn a teaching certificate while working toward a degree in geography.
Another curriculum leads to the bachelor of science degree in secondary education. For information concerning this program see the College of Education section of this catalog.
Geography is an appropriate discipline for students who wish to pursue a career in a planning-related field or desire to take graduate training in planning. The geography pre-planning option provides a broad interdisciplinary background and a core curriculum in geography. Completion of the requirements will also yield a certificate in community planning from the Department of Regional and Community Planning.
The courses for the pre-planning option include all of those required for a geography major, and GEOG 750 Urban Geography, which will count as part of the 30 hours needed for a degree. In addition, students must take:
GEOG 100. World Regional Geography. (3) I, II. Introduction to geography structured on a framework of major world regions and countries. With the regional approach is an explicit discussion of the essential concepts of certain systematic specialties, such as political, social, economic, and urban geography.
GEOG 200. Human Geography. (3) I. A geographical assessment of the way human activities shape landscapes throughout the world. The course is especially appropriate for students interested in the social and behavioral sciences.
GEOG 201. Human Geography (Honors). (3) I, in odd years. Spatial aspects of human organization and behavior are examined through selected concepts in modern geography. The course is especially appropriate for students interested in the social and behavioral sciences. Pr.: Membership in arts and sciences honors program.
GEOG 220. Environmental Geography I. (4) I, II. A basic physical geography course emphasizing the atmosphere, weather, climate, and the biosphere. Includes human modification of atmospheric conditions, climate change, severe storms, and the association between global climate and plant distributions. Introduces map use, including isopleth and weather maps. Three hours lec. and one two-hour lab a week.
GEOG 221. Environmental Geography II. (4) I, II. A basic physical geography course emphasizing the geosphere and hydrosphere, including processes, patterns, and physical background for related issues such as natural hazards and human modification of physical conditions. Introduces remote sensing and the use of topographic maps in environmental study. Three hours lec. and one two-hour lab per week. Pr.: Environmental Geography I.
GEOG 300. Geography of Tourism. (3) II. The geography of tourism is concerned with the structure, form, use, and conservation of the landscape as well as with such spatial conditions as the location of tourist areas and the movements of people from place to place. This course addresses such concepts as the economic, environmental, social, and cultural impacts of tourism as well as examining the tourist geography of each of the world's regions, focusing on the major tourist areas.
GEOG 310. Geography of Kansas. (3) I. Perceptions of Kansas, and a regional analysis of the state including discussion of climate, landforms, soil, water, and minerals as well as patterns of settlement, population, agriculture, industry, transportation, and urban development.
GEOG 399. Honors Seminar in Geography. (2-3) Selected topics. Open to nonmajors in the honors program.
GEOG 440. Geography of Natural Resources. (3) I. The distribution, significance, and environmental consequences of world agriculture, fishing, forestry, and mining, emphasizing the principles which account for the spatial variation in the extraction and consumption of natural resources.
GEOG 450. Geography of Economic Behavior. (3) II. The location of manufacturing industries and patterns of commercial activity. Case studies and simulations are used with emphasis on modern concepts of site selection and community development.
GEOG 460. Future Worlds. (3) S. Alternative future distributions of population, pollution, resource depletion, economic development, and human conflict will be treated in lectures and reading, and discussed by representatives of business, politics, religion, and academia.
GEOG 490. Problems in Geography. (Var.) I, II, S. Pr.: Consent of instructor.
GEOG 498. Honors Tutorial in Geography. (1-3) I, II. Individual directed research and study of a topic in geography, normally as a preliminary to writing a senior honors thesis. May be repeated once to a total of 3 hours. Pr.: Sophomore standing, membership in the honors program of the College of Arts and Sciences, and permission of the instructor.
GEOG 499. Senior Honors Thesis. (2) I, II, S. Open only to seniors in the arts and sciences honor program.
GEOG 500. Geography of the United States. (3) I, in odd years. A regional analysis of the United States with special attention to the historical, political, economic, and social factors which contribute to a real differentiation within the area.
GEOG 505. Introduction to the Civilization of South Asia I. (3) I. Interdisciplinary survey on the development of civilization in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan, including consideration of the geographical and demographic context, philosophical and social concepts, social and political institutions, literature, and historical movements. Same as ECON 505, HIST 505, POLSC 505, SOCIO 505, ANTH 505.
GEOG 506. Introduction to the Civilization of South Asia II. (3) II. Interdisciplinary survey of recent and contemporary civilization of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan, including recent history, current economy, religion, culture, language and literature, geography, social and political structure and ideas. Same as ECON 506, HIST 506, POLSC 506, SOCIO 506, ANTH 506.
GEOG 508. Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems. (3) I, II. Examination of the major concepts, theories, and operations in geographic information systems (GIS). Topics include: the nature of geo-referenced data, data acquisition, and spatial database management, coordinate systems and maps, data structure, and the basic GIS operations that are available for spatial analysis. The course will consist of two hours of lec. and two hours of lab a week. Pr.: Junior standing.
GEOG 535. Fundamentals of Climatology. (3) II. An examination of climatology on global, regional, and local scales, with emphasis on the physical processes and environmental factors that influence and control climate. Climatic change and its impact on human activities are explored. Pr.: GEOG 220 and MATH 100.
GEOG 555. Cartography: MicroCAD. (3) I. Theory and methods of thematic mapping. Features a CAD-based approach to mapping projects including choropleth, isopleth, quantitative and qualitative symbol, and catograms. Students will produce a collection of publication quality graphics. Pr.: STAT 330.
GEOG 610. Geography Internship (2-3) I, II. Faculty-supervised field experience, emphasizing the application of geographical topics and/or techniques. Student projects must be approved by both the on-site director and the faculty supervisor, and a report must be submitted at the end of the semester. Permission of the instructor and junior standing in geography is required.
GEOG 620. Geography of Latin America. (3) II, in even years. A broad survey of the physical and human patterns of the Latin American culture area, past and present, with emphasis on the changing landscape features in the successive patterns of human occupancy.
GEOG 640. Geography of Europe. (3) I. People and their environment, their cultures, problems, and prospects in Europe west of the Soviet Union; trends of development as affected by changing political and economic factors.
GEOG 650. Geography of Former Soviet Lands. (3) II, in odd years. Physical limitations, resource potentials, economic capabilities, and political and nationality issues, with particular emphasis on agriculture, manufacturing, urbanization, cultural diversity, and regional development. Pr.: Six hours of social science.
GEOG 680. Seminar in Regional Geography. (1-3) Pr.: Consent of instructor.
GEOG 700. Quantitative Analysis in Geography. (3) II. Quantitative methods employed in modern geographical research. Applications of both statistical and mathematical approaches will be treated. Emphasis will be placed on interpretation and evaluation of techniques employed in spatial analysis. Pr.: One course in statistics.
GEOG 702. Computer Mapping. (3) I. Familiarizes students with computer applications to mapping problems. Students will produce a series of maps on the printer and plotter using prepared programs, and in the process develop computer graphics skills to address problems in a real analysis, planning, and public administration. Pr.: One course in social science and one in natural science and junior standing.
GEOG 705. Remote Sensing of the Environment. (3) I, II. Remote sensing and its application to earth study, especially environmental problems and land use. Course employs both readings and the use of imagery. Two hours lec., two hours lab. Pr.: One course in physical science and one in biological science.
GEOG 708. Geographic Information Systems. (3) II. Examines both theoretical and applied dimensions of geographic information systems (GIS) in the contexts of environmental impact analysis, natural resource inventories, and community development studies. Applications of GIS concepts and procedures will be built around the use of PC Arc-Info, where case studies will be completed by teams of students. Pr.: GEOG 702 or 705.
GEOG 709. Geographic Field Research Techniques. (2-3) S. Explores methods and techniques employed in modern field research. Stresses research design, field data acquisition techniques, and data analysis. Pr.: GEOG 220, 221, and 440.
GEOG 711. Topics in Remote Sensing. (3) II. Examination of a selected remote sensing topic in an area of faculty specialization. Repeatable once with change in topic. Pr.: GEOG 705.
GEOG 715. World Population Patterns. (3) I, in even years. Geographical processes that govern population distributions, growth rates, and migrations. Emphasis on international comparisons and the implications for world society of continued differential growth rates. Pr.: Six hours of social science.
GEOG 718. Geography of Public Lands. (3) II. Overview of public lands systems, including distribution and uses of public lands, with an emphasis on U.S. federal lands. Historic and recent controversies regarding the public lands will be addressed. Seminar course with discussion and independent research components. Pr.: Six hours of social science and junior standing.
GEOG 720. Geography of Land Use. (3) I, in odd years. Critical factors affecting land use, scarcity, and management examined in a regional, national, and global context; land use classification systems and variation of land use patterns. Pr.: Six hours of social science and junior standing.
GEOG 725. Geography of Water Resources. (3) II, in even years. Interpretation and analysis of the physical geography of water and water as a resource. Evaluation of water, emphasizing quality, hazards, institutions, and selected domestic and global issues. Pr.: Six hours of social science and junior standing.
GEOG 730. World Agricultural Systems. (3) II, in odd years. Description and analysis of the spatial distribution of farm systems emphasizing traditional resource systems in the third world. The major objective is to analyze the interrelationships between natural and human elements in farm systems in order to gain an awareness and understanding of the complex issues involved in agricultural change and development. Pr.: Six hours of social science and junior standing.
GEOG 735. Topics in Climatology. (3) I. Examination of a selected climatology topic in an area of faculty specialization. Repeatable once with change in topic. Pr.: GEOG 535.
GEOG 750. Urban Geography. (3) II. A study of geographic principles relating to the distribution, function, and structure of cities; a geographic analysis and classification of urban settlements. Pr.: Six hours of social science or planning.
GEOG 760. Human Impact on the Environment. (3) I. Assessment of human impacts on the natural environment. Surveys changing human impacts on and attitudes towards the environment, and details alteration of water systems, the atmosphere, landforms, plants, and animals. Pr.: Six hours of social science.
GEOG 770. Perception of the Environment. (3) II, in even years. An examination of the way people perceive their geographic environment and the role of perception in spatial behavior. Perceptions of neighborhoods, cities, states, nations, frontier regions, and environmental processes are explored. Pr.: Six hours of social science with one course above the introductory level, and 6 hours of natural science with one course above the introductory level.
GEOG 780. Cultural Geography. (3) II, in even years. A study of the forms of human occupancy of landscapes, with consideration of innovations in the use of the landscape, the origins and dispersals of these innovations, and human attitudes toward the natural environment. Pr.: Six hours of social science.
GEOG 790. Seminar in Cultural-Economic Geography. (1-3) Pr.: Consent of instructor.