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Apparel, Textiles, and Interior Design

Gita N. Ramaswamy, Interim Head

Professors McCullough, Ramaswamy, and White; Associate Professors Haar, Huck, Kaup, LeHew, and Meyer; Assistant Professors Anderson, Dudek, and Honey; Instructors Aldridge and Barnes; Emeriti: Professors Brockman, Gatewood, Slinkman, Stowe, and Tucker; Associate Professors J. Howe, Munson, and Peterson; Assistant Professors Annis, Newby, and Villasi.

785-532-6993

Fax: 785-532-3796

www.k-state.edu/humec/atid

The Department of Apparel, Textiles, and Interior Design encompasses disciplines that study the interaction of humans and their environment. Faculty members specialize in textiles and product development, apparel design, apparel marketing, and interior design. They share a commitment to excellence in scholarship in its many diverse forms including discovery, integration, application, and teaching. ATID programs share a common responsibility to teach within a human ecological framework and to give considerable attention to environmental ethics and social responsibility within the disciplines and professions represented.

Undergraduate programs lead to a bachelor of science in apparel and textiles or a bachelor of science in interior design, and a graduate program leads to a master of science in apparel and textiles or a doctoral degree in human ecology with specialization in apparel and textiles.

Students in all programs are encouraged to take advantage of diverse learning experiences including internships, study abroad, field trips, and study tours. Students have the opportunity to join professional and student interest groups including: the American Society of Interior Designers (ASID), the International Interior Design Association (IIDA), the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC), the Apparel Marketing and Design Alliance (AMDA), and the International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA).

The interior design and apparel design programs are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD). The interior design program is accredited by the Foundation for Interior Design Education and Research (FIDER) and is consistently ranked among the top four interior design programs in the United States in an annual survey of employers conducted by DesignIntelligence. Among ranked programs, K-State's interior design program is the top-ranked human ecology-based interior design program.

Facilities include well-equipped studios and laboratories for interior design, housing, apparel design and production, and textile analysis. An extensive historic textiles and costume collection, housed in a climate-controlled storage facility in Justin Hall, is available for study. A universal design facility provides practical applications of design innovations that support user needs over the lifespan.

Apparel and texiles

Bachelor of science in apparel and textiles

The apparel and textiles program prepares graduates for professional careers in apparel design, apparel manufacturing, and the retailing industries. Apparel design and production students develop creative and analytical skills necessary to solve complex design problems. Students in apparel marketing develop the necessary competencies to become resourceful business leaders. The program provides detailed practical experience and a solid base for graduate studies.

Course work for all majors includes a foundation in liberal and general studies, including written and oral communications, mathematics, and computer science; textile and apparel evaluation; social, cultural, historical, and psychological aspects of apparel; apparel design, production, and marketing; and analysis of textile, apparel, and retailing industries.

Admission to the apparel design and production specialization is selective and based on performance criteria. Students applying to the specialization first are admitted to apparel and textiles. Those who have completed prerequisite courses may apply for advancement to the apparel design and production specialization. See www.k-state.edu/humec/atid for more information.

General requirements (45-48 hours)
ENGL 100Expository Writing I3
ENGL 200Expository Writing II3
SPCH 105Public Speaking IA2
or
SPCH 106Public Speaking I3
MATH 100College Algebra3
or
MATH 220Analytical Geometry and Calculus I4
STAT 350Business and Economic Statistics3
CIS 101Introduction to Information Technology1
CIS 102Introduction to Microcomputer Spreadsheet Applications1
CIS 104Introduction to Microcomputer Word Processing Applications1
ECON 110Principles of Macroeconomics3
PSYCH 110General Psychology3
SOCIO 211Introduction to Sociology3
HISTHistory elective3
Humanities elective3
Life science elective3-4
CHM 110General Chemistry3
and
CHM 111General Chemistry Lab1
or
CHM 210Chemistry I4
GNHE 310Human Needs3
or
FSHS 350Family Relationships and Gender Roles3
University general education elective3
 
Professional studies (63-64 hours)
Includes core and supporting courses and choice of a specialization in apparel design and production or apparel marketing. (Grades of C or higher required.)
 
Apparel and textiles core courses (30-31 hours)
AT 245Apparel and Textile Industry3
AT 265Textiles3
AT 330Apparel Consumers and Society3
AT 340Aesthetics of Apparel and Textiles3
AT 430History of Apparel Fashion: Renaissance to Present3
AT 445Pre-Internship Seminar1
AT 460Apparel and Textile Evaluation3
AT 545Global Apparel and Textile Production and Distribution3
AT 645Private Label Apparel Product Development3
AT 550Apparel and Textile Internship5
or
AT 451Apparel and Textile Practicum3
and
Unrestricted electives at 300-level or above2-3
 
Specialization in apparel design and production (33 hours)
AT 300Apparel Production3
AT 400Fashion Illustration3
AT 610Computer-Aided Design of Apparel3
AT 655Apparel Pattern Development I3
AT 695Apparel Pattern Development II3
ART 1002-Dimensional Design3
ART 190Drawing I3
ART 195Survey of Art History I3
ART 196Survey of Art History II3
ART 2003-Dimensional Design3
 
Select one of the following:
ART 545Twentieth Century Art History I3
ART 550Twentieth Century Art History II3
ART 602Twentieth Century Art History III3
ART 603Twentieth Century Art History IV3
 
Specialization in apparel marketing (33 hours)
AT 325Apparel and Textile Store Operation3
AT 575Principles of Forecasting3
AT 576Principles of Buying3
AT 625Apparel and Textile Store Planning3
ACCTG 231Accounting for Business Operations3
ECON 120Principles of Microeconomics3
MANGT 420Management Concepts3
MKTG 400Marketing3
 
Select 9 of the following:
ACCTG 241Accounting for Investing and Financing3
ECON 520Intermediate Microeconomics3
FINAN 450Principles of Finance3
MANGT 520Organizational Behavior3
MANGT 531Personnel and Human Resource Management3
or
PSYCH 560Industrial Psychology3
MC 120Principles of Advertising3
 
MC 180Fundamentals of Public Relations3
MKTG 542Professional Selling and Sales Management3
MKTG 544International Marketing3
MKTG 545Marketing Channels3
MKTG 635Electronic Marketing3
 
PSYCH 425Problem Solving and Decision Making3
Modern languages, up to 6 hours, at 300 level or above
 

Unrestricted electives  13-17

Total for graduation  125

Interior design

Bachelor of science in interior design

The interior design program is a four-year, professional curriculum accredited by the Foundation for Interior Design Education Research (FIDER) and the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD). It provides the competencies required to meet the qualifications for the professional title of interior designer.

Interior designers identify, research, and creatively solve problems related to the function of interior environments in order to enhance quality of life and protect public health, safety, and welfare. Interior designers perform services such as programming, design analysis, space planning, preparing drawings and documents, and jobsite observation using specialized knowledge of aesthetics, building regulations, building construction systems, interior materials and finishes, furnishings, and equipment.

The interior design program emphasizes the interaction between humans and the near environment. Students are encouraged to become professionals who design interior spaces that are sustainable and enhance user satisfaction, productivity, and safety at all stages of the life cycle. Interior design students take courses in human behavior in the designed environment, environmental design, interior design, graphic communications, building construction, building systems, history of interior design, housing, computer applications, construction documentation, and professional practice. Areas of focused study available to majors are diverse and include advanced computer applications in design, design for special needs, historic preservation, kitchen and bath design, historic fabric design, and facilities management

Admission

Admission to the interior design program is selective and highly competitive. Applicants are admitted on the basis of academic performance and availability of space.

February 1 application deadline

High school applicants must submit a complete K-State admission application (including an official high school transcript, official ACT or SAT scores, and application fee) to the K-State Office of Admissions by February 1. Transfer applicants must submit a complete K-State admission application, including official transcript(s) for all post-secondary courses completed and application fee, to the K-State Office of Admissions by February 1. Continuing K-State students must submit an internal application form to the Department of Apparel, Textiles, and Interior Design by February 1. The internal application form is available from the Department of Apparel, Textiles, and Interior Design.

Notification

Applications will be reviewed by the interior design faculty, and in most cases applicants will be notified of admission to the interior design program by March 1.

In some instances high school applicants who have been awarded premier scholarships will qualify for early admission and will be notified in late December.

General requirements (42-43 hours)
ENGL 100Expository Writing I3
ENGL 200Expository Writing II3
SPCH 105Public Speaking IA2
or
SPCH 106Public Speaking I3
ECON 110Principles of Macroeconomics3
PSYCH 110General Psychology3
SOCIO 211Introduction to Sociology3
ART 196Survey of Art History II3
HIST 101Western Civilization: Rise of Europe3
Life science elective3
PHYS 101The Physical World I3
and
PHYS 103The Physical World I Lab1
or
PHYS 115Descriptive Physics4
MATH 100College Algebra3
or
A college-level calculus course3
A statistics course3
GNHE 310Human Needs3
or
FSHS 350Family Relationships and Gender Roles3
University general education elective (300 or above)3
 

Professional courses (57 hours) (Grades of C or higher are required.)

AT 265Textiles3
DSFN201Environmental Design Studio I4
DSFN202Environmental Design Studio II4
DSFN 203Survey of the Design Professions1
ID 210Design and Behavior in the Interior
Environment3
ID 310Construction Methods and Materials
for Interior Design4
ID 315Advanced Interior Design Graphics3
ID 320History of Interior Design I3
ID 345Space and Activity Planning3
ID 360History of Interior Design II3
ID 415Computer-Aided Visual Communication
for Interior Design3
ID 425Space and Activity Planning II3
ID 435Building Systems for Interior Design3
ID 445Interior Design Contract Documents
Studio3
ID 530Interior Design Practices and
Procedures3
ID 545Senior Interior Design Studio I4
ID 645Senior Interior Design Studio II4
ID 651Designing Supportive Environments3
 
Professional electives (18 hours)

(Grades of C or higher are required.)

Select from lists below
Studio arts6
Professional applications6
Business6
 
Studio arts (6 hours)
ART 205Graphic Design Studio I3
ART 220Watermedia I3
ART 230Sculpture I3
ART 245Introduction to Oil Painting3
ART 265Ceramics I3
ART 270Metalsmithing and Jewelry3
 
Professional applications (6 hours)
ID 399Interior Design Practicum1-2
ID 410Housing and Its Environment3
ID 440Lighting for Interiors3
ID 599Interior Design Internship3-4
ID 630Topics in Advanced Interior Design Theory3
ID 650Advanced Design and Behavior in the Interior Environment3
ID 660Advanced Kitchen and Bath Design3
ID 680Historic Fabric Design3
ID 710Housing and Facilities Management
Processes/Applications3
ID 725Community Housing Needs Assessment3
ID 760Historic Preservation and
Restoration of Interiors3
ARCH 301Appreciation of Architecture3
GERON315Introduction to Gerontology3
THTRE 579Fundamentals of Stage Lighting3
 
Business (6 hours)
ACCTG 231Accounting for Business Operations3
AGEC 202Small Business Operations3
FINAN 552Real Estate3
MANGT 390Business Law I3
MANGT 420Management Concepts3
MC325Fundamentals of Public Relations3
MKTG 400Marketing3
PSYCH 563Gender Issues in the Work Place3
 
Unrestricted electives7-8
 
Total for graduation125
 

Apparel and textiles courses

AT 245. Apparel and Textile Industry. (. 3). I. Survey of the organization and operation of the U.S. apparel and textile industry; examination of the principles and processes required to meet the needs of the apparel/textile consumer.

AT 265. Textiles. (3) I, II. Fundamentals of textiles as related to the production, sale, and use of apparel and other products. Laboratory experiences related to the identification of fibers, yarns, and fabrics and to the care and performance of textile products. Two hours lec. and two hours lab per week.

AT 300. Apparel Production. (3) I. Fundamentals of apparel production; garment sizing and fit; introduction to pattern drafting and pattern manipulation. Two hours lec. and four hours of lab a week. Pr.: AT 265 or conc.

AT 325. Apparel and Textile Store Operation. (3). II. Analysis of the elements, processes, and controls involved in operating an apparel and textile business. Pr.: AT 245, MATH 100 or 220 with grade of C or higher.

AT 330. Apparel Consumers and Society. (3) II. Cultural, social, psychological, and economic aspects related to apparel needs and consumer behavior of individuals and groups; focus on market segmentation. Three hours lec. Pr.: SOCIO 211 or PSYCH 110.

AT 340. Aesthetics of Apparel and Textiles. (3). II. Understanding and application of aesthetics as it relates to the roles of the apparel industry professional and the development, selection, and promotion of apparel and textile products. Two hours lec. and one hour rec. per week. Pr.: AT 245.

AT 400. Fashion Illustration. (3) II. In-depth study of fashion illustration, technical apparel drawings, and line development. Two hours lec. and four hours lab a week. Pr.: AT 300 and 340 with a C or higher, ART 100, ART 190.

AT 430. History of Apparel Fashion: Renaissance to Present. (3) I. Interrelationship of costume and social, cultural, political, and economic environments from when fashion in apparel products began in the Renaissance to present day. Pr.: AT 330.

AT 445. Pre-Internship Seminar. (1) I. Preparation for internship in apparel and textiles; resume, portfolio, and cover letter preparation, recommendation letters, discussion of the career search process, assisting with internship placement. Pr.: AT 340 and junior standing.

AT 451. Apparel and Textile Practicum. (3) I, II, S. Supervised work experience in the apparel and textile industry. Pr.: AT 445, junior standing, and consent of instructor.

AT 460. Apparel and Textile Evaluation. (3). I. Identification and evaluation of apparel product quality and serviceability from the standpoint of fiber, fabric, and construction performance, material and product standards and specifications, and cost. Two hours lec. and 2 hours lab a week. Pr.: AT 265, junior standing, and AT major.

AT 499. Problems in Apparel and Textiles. (Var.) I, II, S. Independent study. Pr.: Consent of instructor.

AT 545. Global Apparel and Textile Production and Distribution. (3) I. Analysis of global fiber, textile, and apparel production and distribution; structure of industry and distribution channels; impact of culture, economics, and government regulations on production and distribution. Pr.: AT 245, ECON 110, and senior standing.

AT 550. Apparel and Textile Internship. (5) S. Preplanned and supervised off-campus work experience in the apparel industry. Pr.: AT 445; AT 655 or 575; junior standing; 2.5 cumulative GPA; 3.0 GPA in professional course work; and consent of instructor.

AT 575. Principles of Forecasting. (3) I. Introduction of the processes and methods used by the textile and apparel industry to conduct short-term and long-term forecasts. Application of fashion theory and principles, sources of information, knowledge, techniques, and skills for planning and implementing fashion projection. Pr.: AT 430, 325, 340, and senior standing.

AT 576. Principles of Buying. (3) I. Introduction of the processes and methods used by apparel buyers to purchase merchandise assortments. Application of fashion theory and principles, sources of information, knowledge, techniques, and skills for assortment planning, buying, vendor negotiations, and profit planning. Emphasis on merchandising mathematics. Pr.: CIS 104, ACCTG 231, AT 325, AT 340, and AT 575.

AT 610. Computer-Aided Design of Apparel. (3) II. Overview of computer-aided design as it relates to the apparel industry; introduction and application of computer hardware and software to apparel design, including apparel technical drawings, web design, and graphic presentation skills. Six hours lab a week. Pr.: AT 400 and junior standing in apparel design specialization.

AT 625. Apparel and Textile Store Planning. (3) I. Evaluation of the planning process utilized to develop successful apparel and textile retail organizations; consideration given to the unique challenges encountered by a firm with fashion-related products. Pr.: AT475 and senior standing.

AT 645. Private Label Apparel Product Development. (3) II. Capstone course using a team approach to synthesize and perform activities used by apparel retailers to create a line of private label merchandise for a targeted consumer market. Pr.: AT 460; AT475, 575 or AT 610, 655; senior standing.

AT 650. Apparel and Textiles Study Tour. (1-3) I, II, S. Supervised off-campus tour of facilities or equivalent experience where textile products are designed, manufactured, tested, marketed, exhibited, and/or conserved. Pr.: Six hours apparel and textiles.

AT 655. Apparel Pattern Development I. (3) I. Principles and techniques of flat pattern design; basic pattern drafting; development of knit slopers. Use of flat pattern and drafting to achieve original designs in knit and woven fabrics. Two hours lec. and four hours lab a week. Pr.: AT 400 and junior standing in apparel design specialization.

AT 670. Apparel Design and Production V. (3) II. Advanced pattern theory and development; computer application of flat pattern and drafting to original design development; development of original designs, including jackets and pants. Two hours lec. and four hours lab a week. Pr.: AT 655.

AT 695. Apparel Pattern Development II. (3) I. Apparel product development by draping to achieve original designs; pattern grading techniques; line development for a variety of markets. Two hours lec. and four hours lab a week. Pr.: AT 655 and senior standing in apparel design specialization.

AT 720. Professional Advancement in Merchandising. (3) I, II, S. Analysis of leadership in a merchandising form and how it affects organizational culture and change. Various leadership styles will be examined and a personal leadership philosophy will be developed.

AT 725. Theory and Practice of Apparel/Textile Marketing and Distribution. (3) II, in alternate years. Theoretical and applied analysis of apparel/textile marketing and distribution strategies, with an emphasis on the effectiveness of a market-oriented approach for decision making; assessment of environmental forces impacting strategic decisions by firms in the apparel/textile distribution channel; synthesis of past and present trends in order to forecast probable future patterns. Pr.: AT 625.

AT 735. Promotional Strategies in Merchandising. (3) I, II, S. Examination of promotional strategies and techniques used by merchandising firms, emphasizing cultural and global awareness, social responsibility, and ethical decision making.

AT 745. Fiber Science. (3) I, in alternate years. Study of the fundamental concepts associated with fiber chemistry; fiber microstructure and macrostructure; mechanical, physical, and chemical properties of fibers and newer technologies in fiber science. Pr.: AT 265 and CHM 350.

AT 750. New Developments in Textiles. (3) II. New technological advances in the production, structure, and properties of fibers, yarns, and fabrics. Pr.: AT 265.

Design fundamentals courses

Design fundamentals courses have been jointly developed by the Colleges of Human Ecology and Architecture and Design. All first-year interior design students take DSFN201 in the fall and its sequel 202 in the spring. DSFN 203 also is offered only in the fall and should be taken concurrently with DSFN201.

DSFN 201 and DSFN202. Environmental Design Studio I (4) I and Environmental Design Studio II. (4) II. Foundation studies introducing principles, processes, and vocabularies of environmental design. Instruction in two- and three-dimensional visualization of objects and spaces. Instruction in the use of instrument-aided drawing, freehand drawing, and model building to represent and communicate design ideas at different scales of observation. Pr.: Admission to the College of Human Ecology interior design program or the College of Architecture and Design or permission of the dean of either college.

DSFN 203. Survey of the Design Profession. (1) I. Overview of the design professions. Comparative study of the working methods, and societal and occupational roles of the architect, interior architect, interior designer, landscape architect, and planner. Two lec. per week for 8 weeks.

Interior design courses

ID 210. Design and Behavior in the Interior Environment. (3) I. Developing awareness of aesthetic and behavioral relationships fundamental to interior design. Three hours lec. per week.

ID 310. Construction Methods and Materials for Interior Design. (4) I. Introduction to theories, concepts, selection, and application of construction processes, materials, and finishes. Introduction to codes, working drawings, and model building. Three hours lec. and two hours lab per week. Pr.: DSFN201 and DSFN202 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 315. Advanced Interior Design Graphics. (3) I. Design presentation techniques for interiors: Perspectives, color rendering, and advanced drafting methods. Six hours studio per week. Pr.: DSFN201 and DSFN202 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 320. History of Interior Design I. (3) I. A historic survey of furniture, textiles, and the minor arts from antiquity to 1850. Progressive development of design and ornamentation characteristics as related to interiors. Pr.: HIST 101 and ART 196.

ID 345. Space and Activity Planning. (3) II. Application of human factors, space standards, and floor planning principles to limited-scale living and working environments. Six hours studio per week. Pr.: ID 210, 310, and 315 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 360. History of Interior Design II. (3) II. A survey of modern design evolution in furniture, textiles, and the minor arts from 1850 to the present. Concepts, development, and application of modern technology to contemporary design and interiors. Pr.: ID 320.

ID 399. Interior Design Practicum. (1-2) S. Supervised off-campus professional experience in an appropriate design-related setting. Pr.: ID 345 and 415 with a C or better.

ID 410. Housing and Its Environment. (3) I. Socioeconomic, political-legal, and consumer overview of housing. Includes individual, family, and public decisions related to residential alternatives, their acquisition, and housing and environmental standards. Three hours lec. per week. Pr.: Junior standing.

ID 415. Computer-Aided Visual Communication in Interior Design. (3) II. Introduction to and application of digital technologies used by interior design professionals. Six hours of studio per week. Pr.: ID 310 and 315 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 425. Space and Activity Planning II. (3) I. This course will build upon and extend the knowledge and skill base gained by students through integration of space and activity planning, advanced interior design graphics, and computer-aided drafting and design for interior design. Components will include advanced programming, space planning, and application of universal design based on social, cultural, behavioral, and physical requirements of the interior environment. Six hours studio per week. Pr.: ID 345 and 415 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 435. Building Systems for Interior Design. (3) II. Introduction to lighting, heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and acoustic systems; principles, performance requirements, and components related to function, behavior, and aesthetics. Three hours lec. per week. Pr.: PHYS 101 and 103 or PHYS 115; ID 310 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 440. Lighting for Interiors. (3) II. Integration and application of technical, functional, and aesthetic considerations in lighting design with an emphasis on selection and specification. Two hours lec. and two hours lab per week. Pr.: ID 345 and 435 with a C or better.

ID 445. Interior Design Contract Documents Studio. (3) II. Design and execution of working drawings and specifications for interior design projects. Six hours studio per week. Pr.: ID 425 and 435 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 499. Problems in Interior Design and Housing. (Var.) I, II, S. Independent study. Pr.: Consent of instructor.

ID 500. Intermediate Interior Design Studio. (3) S. Problem-solving in interior design. May substitute for Interior Design Studio ID 445, ID 545, or ID 645. Students should plan to substitute this course for the next level studio in sequence. Pr.: ID 315, 345, 435, and admitted to the interior design major.

ID 530. Interior Design Practices and Procedures. (3) II. Ethics, business procedures, and professional development; contract services and administration; and preparation for job market entry as applied to the practice of interior design. Three hours lec. per week. Pr.: ID 425 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 545. Senior Interior Design Studio I. (4) I. Application of design theory to create solutions for complex, large-scale interior spaces. Projects require implementation of all phases of the design process. Students will gain greater understanding of the interior designer's responsibilities within the context of the design professions. Eight hours studio per week. Pr.: ID 445 and 530 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 599. Interior Design Internship. (3-4) I, II, S. Supervised off-campus professional experience in appropriate design-related firms, government agencies, or the housing industry. Pr.: ID 445 and 530 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program and 2.2 cumulative GPA and 2.5 GPA in professional area.

University General Education courseID 600. ID 600. Interior Design Study Tour. (1-3) I, II, S. Supervised off-campus tour to acquaint the student with rich artistic and cultural locations around the world and expand student's global perspectives of the design profession. Lectures and tours target important interior/architectural design and furniture collections.

ID 630. Topics in Advanced Interior Design Theory. (3) I, II. An examination of contemporary social and cultural influences on design theory and applications within the interior design profession. Pr.: ID 345 with a C or better.

ID 645. Senior Interior Design Studio II. (4) II. Application of design theory to create solutions for complex, large-scale interior spaces. Projects will conform to professional standards regarding design process, protection of health, safety, and welfare, and construction methods. Eight hours studio per week. Pr.: ID 445 and 530 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 650. Advanced Design and Behavior in the Interior Environment. (3) I. The design of interior environments explored in an ecological, behavioral, and cultural context. Three hours lec. per week. Pr.: ID 345.

ID 651. Design for Supportive Environments. (3) I. Analysis of the age and ability related needs and challenges faced by children, older adults, and persons with disabilities. Team approaches to providing living and work environments that accommodate both universal and special human needs. Two hours lec., two hours studio/rec. per week. Pr.: ID 345 with a C or better.

ID 660. Advanced Kitchen and Bath Design. (3) II. Functional and research basis for planning and arranging based on activity analysis, equipment, materials, lighting, and ventilation. Two hours lec. and two hours lab per week. Pr.: ID 345 and 435 with a C or better and admission to the interior design program.

ID 680. Historic Fabric Design. (3) I. Interrelationships of fabric design and social, cultural, political, economic, and geographical environments from prehistoric times to present. Pr.: HIST 101 and AT 265.

ID 710. Housing and Facilities Management Processes/ Applications. (3) II. Application of theories, principles, and practices used in managing physical facilities and the residents or workers they house. Issues and problems encountered by professional managers in providing quality living or working environments within cost-effective operations. Three hours lec. per week. Pr.: ID 410 and MANGT 420 or MANGT720.

ID 725. Community Housing Assessment. (3) I. Developing local and regional housing needs assessments and strategies to meet the challenges faced by lower income people and racial and ethnic minorities. Analysis of current housing and community development programs and public-private partnerships for affordable housing. Three hour seminar. Pr.: ID 410 or instructor consent.

ID 760. Historic Preservation and Restoration of Interiors. (3) I. Principles, guidelines, and qualities of preservation and restoration of interiors. Research and application. Pr.: ID 320 and 360; or AT 430; or ENVD 250 and 251.