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    K-State Undergraduate Catalog 2000-2002
     

    About the Catalog
    About the University
    Calendar
    Glossary and Abbreviations
    Admission
    Academic Advising
    Enrollment
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    Degrees
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    All-University Regulations
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    Agriculture
    dGeneral Requirements
    dUniversity General Education
    dProgram Choices
    dAgricultural Economics
    dAgricultural Education
    dAgricultural Technology Management
    dAgronomy
    dAnimal Sciences and Industry
    dCommunications
    dEntomology
    dFood Science and Industry
    dGeneral Agriculture
    dGrain Science and Industry
    dHorticulture, Forestry, and Recreation Resources
    dPlant Pathology
    Architecture, Planning, and Design
    Arts and Sciences
    Business Administration
    Education
    Engineering
    Human Ecology
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    Veterinary Medicine
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    University Faculty
     

    Horticulture, Forestry, and Recreation Resources

    Thomas D. Warner, Head
    Raymond Aslin, State Forester
    Charles Marr, Horticulture Extension Program Leader
    Keith Lynch, Undergraduate Program Coordinator

    Professors Cable,* Geyer,* Jennings,* Marr,* Mattson,* Rajashekar,* van der Hoeven and Warner; Associate Professors Barden, Carey, Davis, Fry,* Gast,* Janke,* Khatamian,* Kimmins, Lynch, Morgan,* Reid, Stevens, Stevenson, and Wiest*; Assistant Professors Becker,* Erb,* Huang,* and Williams;* Instructor Brooks; Emeriti Professors Clayberg, Leuthold, and Keen.

    E-mail: sreyer@oznet.ksu.edu
    www.oznet.ksu.edu/dp_hfrr/welcome.htm

    The Department of Horticulture, Forestry, and Recreation Resources is a multi-disciplinary department offering undergraduate programs in horticulture, horticulture science, horticultural therapy, park resource management, and recreation and park administration. Departmental faculty participate in research, extension, and academic programs in these diverse fields which have a positive impact on the quality of life and enhancing the environment. Individual students may have opportunities working with faculty on research or extension programs.

    Horticulture programs
    K-State offers four-year curricula in horticulture and horticultural therapy. The Department of Horticulture, Forestry, and Recreation Resources also participates in an interdepartmental program in food science and industry.

    Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants for environmental improvement, aesthetic value, intensive food production, or social-therapeutic effects. Students, in consultation with faculty advisors, may select courses of study in horticulture or horticulture science. The horticulture program is designed for those seeking to move into the production or service sectors of horticulture or pursue careers in public horticulture. Students completing this program also meet requirements for entrance into graduate programs across the United States and can meet the education requirements for certification by the American Registry of Certified Professionals in Agronomy, Crops, and Soils. The horticulture science program provides a stronger foundation in basic sciences for graduate studies. Students interested in pursuing careers in industry research or extension can also follow this program.

    All students are required to take a core of general courses in addition to the agricultural, horticultural, and business courses. Students in the horticulture program will specialize and take additional courses to gain expertise in the areas of fruit and vegetable production, golf course management, greenhouse management, landscape design, nursery management, or landscape and turf management. The specialization in golf course management is sufficiently different from the others in horticulture that complete requirements are listed separately. After the sophomore year, students are required to complete a three- or six-month internship at an approved site.

    Career opportunities for students graduating with a degree in horticulture exist in various arenas, including production, landscape design and management, interiorscape design and management, floral design, botanic gardens and arboreta, garden center operation, athletic grounds management, and golf course operations. Opportunities exist with the various support industries in the area of sales of fertilizers, chemicals, plant material, seeds, containers, and various other supplies; product development; breeding and seed production companies; and trade magazines. Horticulture majors obtaining a minor in plant pathology or entomology will also find opportunities in horticultural pest diagnosis and consulting. Students considering a career in extension should consider pursuing a master of science degree.

    Horticulture
    Bachelor of science in agriculture 127 semester hours (except golf course management: 124 semester hours and horticulture science: 130 semester hours)

    Advisors: Brooks, Davis, Fry, Huang, Jennings, Khatamian, Rajashekar, and Williams.

    Students must complete the university general education requirements specified by the College of Agriculture. See the College of Agriculture General Requirements section.

    Communications requirements

    ENGL 100Expository Writing I 3
    ENGL 200Expository Writing II 3
    SPCH 105Public Speaking 1A 2
    Communications elective 3
    11
     
    Humanities/social science
    Electives 9
    9
     
    Math/chemical sciences requirements
    MATH 100College Algebra 3
    CHM 210Chemistry I 4
    CHM 230Chemistry II 4
    Organic Chemistry* 3-5
    Math/stat/comp. science 3
    17-19
    *Landscape design students take surveying elective in place of Organic Chemistry.

    Agricultural/biological sciences requirements

    GENAG 101Agricultural Orientation 1
    BIOL 210General Botany 4
    HORT 201Introductory Horticultural Science 4
    AGRON 305Soils 4
    BIOL 500Plant Physiology* 4
    PLPTH 500Principles of Plant Pathology 3
    ASI 500Genetics 3
    Entomology elective 3
    26
    *Landscape design students take biology elective in place of Plant Physiology.

    Horticulture requirements

    HORT 350Plant Propagation 3
    HORT 590Horticulture Internship 3-6
    HORT 520Fruit Production 3
    or
    HORT 560Vegetable Crop Production 3
    Pest management elective 2-3
    11-15
     
    Horticulture specialization electives
    Select an area of horticulture specialization and complete 27 hours of specialization courses, chosen in consultation with the advisor.

    Fruit/vegetable production
    AGRON 330Weed Management  3
    HORT 376Herbaceous Ornamental Plants  3
    HORT 560Vegetable Crop Production  3
    ENTOM 612Insect Pest Diagnosis  2
    or
    ENTOM 620Insecticides: Properties and Laws  2
    Specialization electives 16
    27
     
    Greenhouse management
    HORT 376Herbaceous Ornamental Plants 3
    HORT 377Plants in the Interior Environment 3
    HORT 570Green House Operations and Management  3
    HORT 575Nursery/Garden Center Operations  3
    HORT 625Floral Crop Production and Handling  4
    Specialization electives 11
    27
     
    Nursery management
    HORT 374Woody Plant Materials I  3
    HORT 375Woody Plant Materials II  3
    HORT 570Green House Operations and Management  3
    HORT 575Nursery/Garden Center Operations  3
    AGRON330Weed Management  3
    Specialization electives 12
    27
     
    Landscape and turf management
    HORT 374Woody Plant Materials I 3
    HORT 375Woody Plant Materials II 3
    HORT 376Herbaceous Ornamental Plants 3
    HORT 508Landscape Maintenance 3
    HORT 515Turfgrass Management 3
    HORT 551Landscape Contracting and Construction 3
    HORT 585Arboriculture 3
    AGRON 375Soil Fertility 3
    Specialization electives 3
    27
     
    Landscape design
    HORT 374Woody Plant Materials I 3
    HORT 375Woody Plant Materials II 3
    HORT 376Herbaceous Ornamental Plants 3
    HORT 450Concepts of Horticultural Design 2
    HORT 451Horticultural Design Studio 2
    HORT 508Landscape Maintenance 3
    HORT 551Landscape Contracting and
    Construction 3
    Design elective 3
    Specialization electives 5
    27
     
    Agricultural economics/business electives
    ECON 110Principles of Macroeconomics 3
    or
    ECON 120Principles of Microeconomics 3
    or
    AGEC 120Agricultural Economics/Agribusiness 3
    ACCTG 231Accounting for Business Operations 3
    Agricultural economics/business electives 9
    15
     
    Free electives 2-10
     
    Golf course management specialization
    Technical core
    BIOL 198Principles of Biology 4
    or
    BIOL 210General Botany 4
    CHM 210Chemistry I 4
     
    Computer science elective—select three CIS sections from:
    CIS 101Topics/PC/Windows/Internet 1
    CIS 102Topics/PC/Spreadsheets 1
    CIS 103Topics/PC/Databases 1
    CIS 104Topics/PC/Word Processing 1
    or
    AGRON 455Computer Applications in Agronomy 3
    MATH 100College Algebra 3
    Math elective 3
     
    Statistics elective—select one of the following
    STAT 320Elements of Statistics 3
    STAT 330Elementary Statistics for Social Sciences 3
    STAT 340Biometrics I 3
    STAT 350Business and Economic Statistics I 3
    20
     
    Communication and interpersonal relations
    ENGL 100Expository Writing I 3
    ENGL 200Expository Writing II 3
    SPCH 105Public Speaking 1A 2
     
    Plus 9 hours selected from the following electives
    EDSEC 706Principles of Teaching Adult Extension 3
    ENGL 300Expository Writing III 3
    ENGL 516Written Communications for the Sciences 3
    MANGT 520Organization Behavior 3
    or
    PSYCH 564Psychology of Organizations 3
    MC 320Principles of Advertising 3
    MC 325Fundamentals of Public Relations 3
    MTKG 442Sales Communications 3
    SPCH 311Business and Professional Speaking 3
    SPCH 321Public Speaking II 3
    SPCH 322Interpersonal Communications 3
    SPCH 323Nonverbal Communications 3
    SPCH 325Argumentation and Debate 3
    or
    SPCH 326Small Group Discussion Methods 3
    17
     
    Internship
    HORT 590Horticulture Internship (at a golf facility) 3
    HRIMD 495/   GENBA 495Golf Course Internship in Business/ Hospitality Management 3
    6
     
    Humanities and social sciences
    ECON 110Principles of Macroeconomics 3
    ECON 120Principles of Microeconomics
    or
    AGECON 120Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Business 3
    Humanities/social science electives 6
    12
     
    Turf management
    GENAG 101Ag Orientation 1
    AGRON 305Soils 4
    AGRON 335Environmental Quality
    or
    FOR 375Introduction to Natural Resource Management 3
    AGRON 375Soil Fertility 3
    ATM 653Water Management and Irrigation Systems 3
    or
    HORT 595Landscape Irrigation Systems3
    HORT 201Introductory Horticultural Science 4
    HORT 374Woody Plant Materials I
    or
    HORT 375Woody Plant Materials II 3
    HORT 515Turfgrass Management3
    HORT 517Golf Course Operations 3
    PLPTH 500Principles of Plant Pathology 3
     
    Plus one of the following:
    AGRON 746Physical Properties of Soil 3
    ENTOM 320Horticultural Entomology 3
    HORT 374Woody Plant Materials I
    or
    HORT 375Woody Plant Materials II 3
    HORT 376Herbaceous Ornamental Plants 3
    HORT 508Landscape Maintenance 3
    HORT 706Turfgrass Science 3
    PLPTH 590Landscape and Turf Diseases 2
    32-33
     
    Business management
    ACCTG 231Accounting for Business Operations 3
    ACCTG 241Accounting for Investing and Finance 3
    FINAN 450Principles of Finance 3
    MANGT 420Management Concepts 3
    MKTG 400Marketing 3
     
    Plus one of the following:
    AGEC 202Small Business Operations 3
    MANGT 390Business Law I 3
    MANGT 531Personnel and Human Resource Management 3
    RRES 490Parks and Recreation Administration I 3
    18
     
    Hospitality
    Select 12 hours from the following list:
    HRIMD 120Survey of the Hospitality Industry 1
    HRIMD 220Environmental Issues in the Hospitality Industry 3
    HRIMD 230Issues in Tourism 2
    HRIMD 240Contemporary Issues: Controlled Beverages 2
    HRIMD 341Principles of Food Production Management 3
    HRIMD 342Food Production Management 3
    HRIMD 361Principles of Lodging 2
    HRIMD 421Hospitality Service Systems 3
    HRIMD 422Cost Controls in Hospitality Operations 3
    HRIMD 621Hospitality Law 3
    ASI 302Introduction to Food Science 3
    ASI 690Principles of HACCP 1
    12
     
    General electives 6
     
    Horticulture science
    Bachelor of science in agriculture 130 semester hours

    The horticulture science program has the same communications, general electives, math/ chemical sciences, and agriculture/biological sciences requirements as the horticulture program with the following modifications (modifications are given in italics) and additions.

    Students must complete the university general education requirements specified by the College of Agriculture. See the College of Agriculture General Requirements section.

    Humanities/social science electives*  18
    MATH 210Technical Calculus**   3
    STAT 340Biometrics***   3
    Biology elective 3-4
    PHYS 115Descriptive Physics  4
    BIOCH 521General Biochemistry  3
    BIOCH 522General Biochemistry Lab  2
     
    *Horticulture science requires 9 credit hours each in humanities and social sciences.
    **Horticulture science requires MATH 210 in lieu of MATH 100 College Algebra.
    ***Horticulture science requires STAT 340 Biometrics in lieu of a math/stat/computer science elective.

    Horticulture requirements
    HORT 350Plant Propagation 3
    HORT 520Fruit Production 3
    or
    HORT 560Vegetable Crop Production 3
    HORT 570Greenhouse Operations Management 3
    or
    HORT 575Nursery and Garden Center
    Operations 3
    HORT 590Horticulture Internship 3
    12
     
    Horticulture specialization electives 15
     
    Free electives 10-13
     
    Business requirements
    ECON 110Principles of Macroeconomics 3
    or
    ECON 120Principles of Microeconomics 3
    or
    AGEC 120Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness 3
    ACCTG 231Accounting for Business Operations 3
    6
     
    Horticultural therapy
    Bachelor of science in agriculture 130 semester hours

    Advisors: Kimmins, Mattson

    Courses are required in general education, horticulture, agriculture, horticultural therapy, and humanities and/or social sciences. Specialization electives may be selected in community-based programs, corrections, gerontology, education, developmental disabilities, or mental health. Clinical internships are required during the senior year at approved psychiatric hospitals, rehabilitation centers, veterans administration hospitals, correctional agencies, geriatric and retirement centers, community-based agencies, or other approved sites.

    Students must complete the university general education requirements specified by the College of Agriculture. See the College of Agriculture General Requirements section.

    General education requirements

    ENGL 100Expository Writing I 3
    ENGL 200Expository Writing II 3
    SPCH 105Public Speaking IA 2
    MATH 100College Algebra 3
    ECON 110Principles of Macroeconomics 3
    CHM 110General Chemistry 3
    CHM 111General Chemistry Lab 1
    BIOL 210General Botany 4
    or
    BIOL 198Principles of Biology 4
    MATH/STAT/CIS elective 3
    25
     
    Horticulture and agriculture requirements
    HORT 201Introductory Horticultural Science 4
    HORT 210Concepts of Floral Design 3
    HORT 256Human Dimensions of Horticulture 3
    HORT 350Plant Propagation 3
    HORT 374Woody Plant Material I 3
    HORT 375Woody Plant Materials II 3
    HORT 376Herbaceous Ornamental Plants 3
    HORT 377Plants in the Interior Environment 3
    HORT 508Landscape Maintenance 3
    or
    HORT 515Turfgrass Management 3
    HORT 525Horticulture for Special Populations 3
    HORT 530Horticultural Therapy Case Management 1
    HORT 535Horticultural Therapy Field
    Techniques 3
    HORT 520Fruit Production 3
    or
    HORT 560Vegetable Crop Production 3
    HORT 570Greenhouse Operations Management 3
    HORT 625Floral Crops Production/Handling 4
    AGRON 305Soils 4
    PLPTH 500Principles of Plant Pathology 3
    ENTOM 320Horticultural Entomology 3
    55
     
    Humanities and/or social science requirements
    PSYCH 110General Psychology  3
    PSYCH 505Abnormal Psychology  3
    SOCIO 211Introduction to Sociology  3
    3
     
    Educational psychology elective
    Select 3 credits from the list:
    PSYCH 280Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence  3
    EDCEP 315Educational Psychology I  3
    HDFS 110Introduction to Human Development  3
    9
     
    Professional electives 15
    Select 15 credits from a professional emphasis that appear on the approved departmental list. Professional emphases are community-based programs, corrections, developmental disabilities, education, gerontology, and mental health.

    Business requirement

    Select 6 credits from the list:
    ACCTG 231Accounting Business Operations 3
    AGEC 202Small Business Operations 3
    MANGT 390Business Law I  3
    MANGT 420Management Concepts  3
    MANGT 531Personnel Management  3
    6
     
    Internship requirement
    HORT 540Horticultural Therapy Field
    Experiences  6
     
    Free electives 11
     
    Horticulture minor

    A minor in horticulture will consist of 16 credit hours, which will provide the student with a breadth of knowledge in horticulture.

    Required

    HORT 201Introductory Horticultural Sciences 4
    HORT 350Plant Propagation 3
     
    Select three courses from the following:
    HORT 256Human Dimensions in Horticulture 3
    HORT 374Woody Plant Materials I 3
    HORT 375Woody Plant Materials II 3
    HORT 376Herbaceous Ornamental Plants 3
    HORT 515Turf Management 3
    HORT 520Fruit Production 3
    HORT 560Vegetable Production 3
    HORT 570Greenhouse Operations
    Management 3
    HORT 575Nursery and Garden Center
    Management 3
     
    Recreation resources
    Society faces a future of making potentially infinite demands upon finite natural resources. Appropriate management of America's natural and recreation resources will require the best efforts of dedicated, trained professional managers. A basic objective of recreation resource managers is to provide essential goods and services while maintaining the highest environmental standards. A primary focus of recreation and park professionals is the supply of quality leisure opportunities that lead to an enhanced "quality of life." Two four-year programs are offered: (1) park management and conservation and (2) recreation and park administration leading to a bachelor of science degree.

    Advisors: Becker, Cable, Lynch, Morgan, and Stevenson

    Park management and conservation
    Bachelor of science in agriculture 130 semester hours

    Students must complete the university general education requirements specified by the College of Agriculture. See the College of Agriculture General Requirements section.

    Communications requirements
    ENGL 100Expository Writing I 3
    ENGL 200Expository Writing II 3
    SPCH 106Public Speaking I 3
    9
     
    General agriculture requirement
    GENAG 101Ag Orientation 1
    1
     
    Natural sciences requirements
    BIOL 210General Botany 4
    GEOL 100Earth in Action 3
    CHM 110General Chemistry 3
    CHM 111General Chemistry Lab . 1
    PHYS 101The Physical World I 3
    PHYS 103The Physical World I Lab 1
    15-16
     
    Social systems requirements
    ECON 120Principles of Microeconomics 3
    PSTCH 110General Psychology 3
    SOCIO 211Introduction to Sociology 3
    9
     
    Mathematics and statistics requirements
    MATH 100College Algebra3
    STAT 330Elementary Statistics for Social Sciences 3
    or
    STAT 340Biometrics 3
    6
     
    Recreation resources core requirements
    FOR 385Microcomputer Applications in Natural Resource Management 3
    LAR 322Environmental Issues and Ethics 3
    MC 325Fundamentals of Public Relations 3
    RRES 210Introduction to the Park and Recreation Profession 2
    RRES 320Recreation Group Dynamics 3
    RRES 350Parks and Recreation Practicum 2
    RRES 440Outdoor Recreation Policy 3
    RRES 489Recreation Programming 3
    RRES 490Parks and Recreation Administration I 3
    RRES 492Internship in Parks and Recreation 3
    RRES 520Research Methods for Parks and Recreation. 3
    RRES 590Park and Facility Maintenance 1
    RRES 675Dimensions of Recreational Behavior 3
    RRES 699Parks and Recreation Administration II 3
    RRES 756Design of Parks and Recreation Areas 3
    41
     
    Park management and conservation requirements
    AGEC 525Natural Resource and Environmental Economics 3
    AGRON 305Soils 4
    BIOL 433Wildlife Conservation 3
    FOR 285Introduction to Forestry 3
    FOR 330Dendrology I 2
    FOR 340Dendrology II 2
    FOR 375Introduction to Natural Resource Management 3
    RRES 635Environmental Interpretation 3
    23
     
    Park manager option requirements
    Select 15 hours of the following:
    ENTOM 312General Entomology 2
    and
    ENTOM 313General Entomology Lab 1
    FOR 641Forestry Problems 3
    GEOG 508Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems 3
    GEOG 705Remote Sensing of the Environment 3
    HORT 515Turfgrass Management 3
    HORT 585Arboricutlure 3
    RRES 310Natural Resource Education Workshop 3
    RRES 575Management of Water Resources for Leisure 3
    RRES 640Advanced Environmental Interpretation 3
    15
     
    Free electives 11
     
    Law enforcement ranger option requirements
    RRES 200Topics/Legal Procedures and Codes 3
    RRES 200Topics/Enforcement Skills and Techniques 3
    RRES 200Topics/Philosophy of Law Enforcement 3
     
    Plus pick 6 hours from the following:
    SOCIO 361Sociology of Criminal Justice System 3
    SOCIO 362Police and Society 3
    SOCIO 561Criminology 3
    SOCIO 570Race and Ethnic Relations 3
    15
     
    Free electives 11
     
    Recreation and park administration

    Bachelor of science in agriculture 130 semester hours

    Students must complete the university general education requirements specified by the College of Agriculture. See the College of Agriculture General Requirements section.

    Communications requirements
    ENGL 100Expository Writing I 3
    ENGL 200Expository Writing II 3
    SPCH 106Public Speaking I 3
    9
     
    General agriculture requirement
    GENAG 101Ag Orientation 1
    1
     
    Natural sciences requirements
    BIOL 210General Botany 4
    GEOL 100Earth in Action 3
    CHM 110General Chemistry 3
    CHM 111General Chemistry Lab 1
    PHYS 101The Physical World I 3
    14
     
    Social systems requirements
    ECON 110Principles of Macroeconomics 3
    ECON 120Principles of Microeconomics 3
    PSYCH 110General Psychology 3
    SOCIO 211Introduction to Sociology 3
    12
     
    Mathematics and statistics requirements
    MATH 100College Algebra 3
    STAT 330Elementary Statistics for Social Sciences 3
    6
     
    Recreation resources core requirements
    FOR 385Microcomputer Applications in Natural Resource Management. 3
    LAR 322Environmental Issues and Ethics 3
    MC 325Fundamentals of Public Relations 3
    RRES 210Introduction to the Recreation and Park Profession 2
    RRES 320Recreation Group Dynamics 3
    RRES 350Parks and Recreation Practicum 2
    RRES 440Outdoor Recreation Policy 3
    RRES 489Recreation Programming 3
    RRES 490Parks and Recreation Administration I 3
    RRES 492Internship in Parks and Recreation 3
    RRES 520Research Methods for Parks and Recreation 3
    RRES 590Park and Facility Maintenance 1
    RRES 675Dimensions of Recreational Behavior 3
    RRES 699Parks and Recreation Administration II 3
    RRES 756Design of Parks and Recreation Areas 3
    41
     
    Recreation and park administration option requirements
    ACCTG 231Accounting for Business Operations 3
    ACCTG 241Accounting for Investing and Financing 3
    FINAN 450Essentials of Finance 3
    HRIMD 230Issues in Tourism 2
    MANGT 420Management Concepts 3
    MKTG 400Marketing 3
     
    Plus pick three courses (1 credit each) from the following list of lifetime exercise and/or sport activities:
    Any 100-level kinesiology class 1
    MSCI 102Basic Riflery 1
    RRES 200Topics in Recreation Resources 1
    20
     
    Plus select 15 hours from the following:
    AGCOM 400Ag Business Communications 3
    AGEC 202Small Business Operations 3
    EDSEC 250Scientific Principles of Coaching 3
    MANGT 390Business Law 3
    MANGT 440Entrepreneurship 3
    PSYCH 425Problem Solving and Decision Making 3
    RRES 310Natural Resource Education Workshop 3
    SOCIO 460Juvenile Delinquency 3
    SOCIO 570Race and Ethnic Relations 3
    SPCH 311Business and Professional Speaking 3
    15
     
    Free electives 12
     
    Horticulture courses
    HORT 201. Introductory Horticultural Science. (4) II. An introduction to the principles and practices of horticultural plant systems. Plant structure and function will be discussed along with the effects of environmental factors on plant growth. General cultural practices will be described including pest control, mineral nutrition, propagation. Three hours lec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: High school biology/botany or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 210.

    University General Education courseHORT 210. Concepts of Floral Design. (3) I. An introduction to the use of flowers and related products with emphasis on fundamentals of design. Two hours rec. and three hours studio a week. For majors or nonmajors.

    University General Education courseHORT 256. Human Dimensions of Horticulture. (3) I, II. Introduction to horticulture applied in schools, psychiatric and medical hospitals, corrections, vocational rehabilitation centers, elderly programs, and consumer horticulture settings. Networking the art and science of horticulture with architecture, business, social sciences, health care, horticulture, and education. Two hours lec. and one hour rec. a week.

    HORT 275. Concepts of Horticultural Design. (4) I.  Introduction to the landscape design process including historical perspectives and contemporary issues; development of planning, graphical presentation and communication skills; and application of design principles to horticultural garden design.  Two hours rec. and four hours studio per week.

    HORT 301. Horticulture Practicum. (1-3) I, II. Experiential approach to learning horticulture through teaching. Students will assist faculty with specific horticulture courses. No more than 3 credits may be used as horticulture specialization electives nor may it substitute for a required horticulture course in the horticulture or horticultural therapy curricula. Pr.: HORT 201, junior standing, and successful completion of practicum assistance course with at least a C.

    HORT 350. Plant Propagation. (3) I. Designed to develop proficiency in various skills and techniques necessary for propagation of horticultural plants. Basic fundamentals of seed structure and vegetative makeup of plants are emphasized. Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: HORT 201.

    HORT 374. Woody Plant Materials I. (3) I. Identification, ornamental characters, site requirements, and use of woody ornamental deciduous trees and shrubs with special emphasis on the cultivated varieties. Weekly labs consist of lengthy walking campus tours to identify plant specimens. Two hours lec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: BIOL 198, BIOL 210, or HORT 201.

    HORT 375. Woody Plant Materials II. (3) II. Identification, ornamental characters, site requirements, and use of woody ornamental conifers, broadleaf evergreens, vines, ground covers, deciduous flowering shrubs, and small-to-medium-size flowering trees. Weekly labs consist of lengthy walking campus tours to identify plant specimens. Two hours lec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: BIOL 198, BIOL 210 or HORT 201; and HORT 374.

    HORT 376. Herbaceous Ornamental Plants. (3) I. Identification, ornamental characters, culture, propagation, and use of herbaceous annuals and perennials. Two hours rec. and two hours lab. a week. Pr.: BIOL 210 and HORT 201.

    HORT 377. Plants in the Interior Environment. (3) II. Identification, ornamental characters, culture, propagation, and use of foliage plants in the interior environment. Two hours lec. and two hours lab. a week. Pr.: BIOL 210 and HORT 201.

    HORT 390. Horticulture Topics. (Var.) I, II, S. Lectures and discussion of topics of importance to undergraduate majors. Pr.:Consent of instructor.

    Undergraduate and graduate credit in minor field
    HORT 508. Landscape Maintenance. (3) II. Fundamentals of maintaining ornamental plant materials such as trees, shrubs, turf, annual color, perennials, vines and roses in residential, commercial, and golf course landscapes.  Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: HORT 201 and HORT 374 and/or 375.

    HORT 510. Horticultural Design. (3) II. Reinforcement of the horticultural design process as applied to the use of native and introduced plant materials.  Emphasis on functional and aesthetic arrangement of plants in small scale design to meet site design objectives and adaptation to microclimates.  Two three-hour studio periods per week.  Pr.: Hort 275 and two plant materials courses.

    HORT 515. Turfgrass Management. (3) I. Turfgrass identification and adaptation; establishment and maintenance of lawn and recreational turf areas; turfgrass pests and their control. Two hours rec. and two hours lab each week. Pr.: HORT 201 and AGRON 305.

    HORT 517. Golf Course Operations. (3) II, in odd years. Strategies involved in golf course operation, including development of cultural practices, adherence to environmental regulations, personnel management, and budgeting. Two hours lec. and two hours lab. a week. Pr.: HORT 515.

    HORT 520. Fruit Production. (3) II. In even years. Principles and practices of cultivating fruit and nut crops commercially. Laboratory offers experiences in pomological practices. Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: HORT 201 and HORT 350.

    HORT 525. Horticulture For Special Populations. (3) I. An intensive study of the concepts and methods of using plants and gardening as therapeutic activities with developmentally disabled, geriatric, economically and socially disadvantaged, emotionally disturbed, or educationally deprived clients. Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: BIOL 210 or HORT 201.

    HORT 530. Horticultural Therapy Case Management. (1) II. Guest lecturer and student presentations of topics relating to professionalism, current issues, or goals of horticultural therapy. The course is intended to help students focus expectations and assumptions about a professional career in horticultural therapy and to give them practice in articulating their understanding of the field. Client case management is used as part of career practice. One hour rec. a week. Pr.: HORT 256 and 525.

    HORT 535. Horticultural Therapy Field Techniques. (3) I, II. Students under supervision will plan, conduct, and evaluate horticultural therapy activities at Manhattan institutional sites selected according to student's interest. A weekly discussion session addresses evaluation and issues of professionalism. Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: HORT 525.

    HORT 540. Horticultural Therapy Field Experiences. (3 or 6) I, II, S. Supervised training at institutions with horticultural therapy programs to gain experience in the application and use of horticultural activities for special populations. Six months (1,000 hours) continuous internships required in psychiatric and correctional programs. Two 3-month (500 hours) internships may be completed at two different sties. Students are required to complete 6 credits of field experience before graduation. Pr.: HORT 535.

     

    HORT 545. Computer Applications in Horticultural Design. (3) I.  Introduction to a variety of computer software packages which students may encounter in the nursery/garden center environment.  These include planning, routing, and estimating packages.  One hour rec. and four hours lab per week.  Pr.: HORT 510,, or instructor permission.

    HORT 551. Landscape Contracting and Construction. (3) II. The use, interpretation, and development of planting plans (including contracting, construction, and specifications) as applied to landscape horticulture. Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: HORT 450.

    HORT 560. Vegetable Crop Production. (3) II. In odd years. Study of production principles and cultural practices involved in the growing of vegetable crops. Two hours lec. and two hours lab or field trips a week. Pr.: HORT 201.

    HORT 570. Greenhouse Operations Management. (3) I. Greenhouse systems operations and management including greenhouse layout; structures; glazing materials; heating, ventilation, irrigation, lighting, benching, growing medium handling, and fertilization systems; traffic flow; crop handling, processing and shipping. Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: HORT 201.

    HORT 575. Nursery and Garden Center Operations. (3) II. A study of the various practices and methods of operating a commercial nursery for the production of ornamental woody plants used for landscaping purposes. Garden center layout, pricing, mark-up, inventory, plant maintenance, and financing will be discussed. Two hours rec. and three hours lab a week. Pr.: BIOL 210, HORT 350 and AGRON 305.

     

    HORT 580. Advanced Horticultural Design. (3) II.  Emphasis is on horticultural design projects with clients, working with the design process, design articulation and communication with the clients.  By appointment. Pr.: HORT 510.

    HORT 582. Horticultural Pest Management. (3) II. Strategies involved in horticultural pest management including types, calibration and operation of application equipment, pesticides, legal and safety issues, and non-pesticide control methods. Two hours lec. and three hours lab. a week. Pr.: HORT 201 or BIOL 210, MATH 100, and an entomology, plant pathology, or weed science course.

    HORT 585. Arboriculture. (3) I. Principles and practices of maintaining shade and ornamental trees under urban environments. Two hours rec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: HORT 201 and HORT 374 or FOR 330.

    HORT 590. Horticulture Internship. (3 or 6) I, II, S. Principles of commercial or public horticulture activity including exposure to multiple phases of the working horticulture operation. Students will be placed according to specific interest. Required for horticulture majors after having completed 60 hours. Pr.: HORT 201, plus one 500-level horticulture commodity course.

    HORT 595. Landscape Irrigation Systems. (3) I. Application of the principles and practices of landscape irrigation which involve drainage, sprinkler system installation, maintenance and scheduling, electrical troubleshooting, pumps. hydraulics, and drip irrigation as these topics pertain to residential and commercial landscapes and golf courses. Two hours lec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: MATH 100; HORT 201 or BIOL 210; and AGRON 305.

    HORT 625. Floral Crops Production and Handling. (4) II. The principles and commercial practices for producing floral crops emphasizing the physical responses of plants to their environment. Aspects of postharvest physiology are also covered. Three hours lec. and three hours lab a week. One Saturday field trip will be taken. Pr.: BIOL 500, HORT 350 and 570.

    HORT 640. Horticulture Problems. (Var.) I, II, S. Problems and reports in floriculture, olericulture, ornamental horticulture, pomology, turfgrass, and horticultural therapy. Pr.: Consent of instructor.

    HORT 706. Turfgrass Science. (3) II, in even years. Water, temperature, light, soil, and management stresses affecting turfgrass growth; cultural practices that reduce injury. Three hours lec. a week. Pr.: HORT 515.

    HORT 725. Postharvest Technology and Physiology of Horticultural Crops. (3) I, in even years. A study of the principles and practices involved in the harvesting, handling and storage of horticultural products. The relationship of plant structure and physiology will be emphasized in discussing effects of postharvest handling and storage to maximize quality and shelf life of products. Three hours lec. a week. Pr.: One horticulture commodity course and BIOL 500.

    HORT 751. Human Issues in Horticultural Therapy. (3) I. New developments and applications of gardening or horticultural activities for special populations will be emphasized. Procedures for management of horticultural therapy programs, designing therapeutic or rehabilitation activities, and evaluation methods will be discussed. Reading of selected research publications relating to horticultural therapy will be assigned. Three hours rec. a week. Pr.: HORT 525 and a course in statistics.

    HORT 775. Plant Nutrition and Nutrient Management. (3) II, even years. Focuses on the macro and micronutrient elements and their function in the growth and development of plants. Emphasis will be placed on the roles of single elements, interactions/balances between elements, and nutrient deficiency/toxicity symptoms as they affect the physiology of the whole plant and management of nutrient applications. The relationships between crop nutrition with production and environmental considerations (yield, drought, temperature, pests) will be explored. Two hours lec. and two hours discussion a week. Pr.: AGRON 305 and BIOL 500.

    Forestry courses
    FOR 285. Introduction to Forestry. (3) II. An introduction to American forestry including: forestry heritage in the U.S., importance of forests, multiple-use concepts, management practices, utilization, protection, policy, and the profession of forestry. Three hours lec. a week.

    FOR 330. Dendrology I. (2) I. Identification, classification, silvical characteristics, distribution, and economic significance of North American angiosperm trees. One hour rec. and three hours lab a week. Pr.: BIOL 210 or equiv.

    FOR 340. Dendrology II. (2) II. Identification, classification, silvical characteristics, distribution, and economic significance of North American gymnosperm trees. One hour rec. and three hours lab a week. Pr.: BIOL 210 or equiv.

    University General Education courseFOR 375. Introduction to Natural Resource Management. (3) I. A survey of historic and present-day uses, problems, and basic management approaches associated with our renewable and nonrenewable natural resources. The impact of society, economics, law, politics, and philosophy on the management and use of our natural resources will also be examined. Three hours lec. a week.

    FOR 385. Microcomputer Applications in Natural Resource Management. (3) I. A microcomputer course designed to develop basic skills needed by natural resource management professionals. The course will emphasize use of the microcomputer for communication of written and graphic information, record keeping, decision making, budgeting, and investment analysis. Two hours lec. and two hours lab a week. Pr.: FOR 285 or 375.

    FOR 641. Forestry Problems. (1-3) I, II, S. Work is offered in various fields of forestry. Pr.: Consent of instructor.

    FOR 643. Agroforestry Systems. (2) II. Study of the woody and non-woody components of the land use management systems used in much of the world. Topics will include international agriculture and forestry covering the interaction of crops, livestock, and woody plants. The agroforestry concept, classification of systems, practices used worldwide, and the contribution of agroforestry to local economies of lesser developed countries will be examined. Two hours lec. a week. Field trip required. Pr.: BIOL 201 or BIOL 210 or HORT 201.

    Recreation resources courses
    RRES 200. Topics in Recreation Resources. (1-3) I, II, S. Discussion of topics and activities of importance in recreation resources. This course can be repeated an unlimited number of times.

    RRES 210. Introduction to the Park and Recreation Profession. (2) I. Coverage of the parks and recreation profession to include, federal, state, county, and local agencies and positions. Private sector careers will also be examined. Two hours lec. a week.

    RRES 310. Natural Resources Education Workshop. (3) I. This course will expose students to a variety of educational strategies to effectively communicate the importance of natural resource conservation and management. The class will feature nationally acclaimed environmental education programs in a workshop format. Students will plan and conduct programs for the public. Some local field trips are required. Three hours lec. per week. Pr.: Sophomore standing.

    RRES 320. Recreation Group Dynamics. (3) I. Principles and methods of organizing and directing individual and group leisure activities and experiences. A mixture of lecture and experiential education. Some Saturday field trips required. Two hours lec. and two hours lab a week.

    RRES 350. Parks and Recreation Practicum. (2) I, II, S. Required professional employment (240 hours., 6 weeks): a survey and application of the principles of park and recreation areas management and operations. Studies of selected aspects of natural resource management for recreation. Preparation and presentation of a comprehensive analysis of a specific assigned problem. Pr.: Sophomore in park management and conservation or recreation park administration.

    RRES 440. Outdoor Recreation Policy. (3) II. A survey of the history, present status, and goals of outdoor recreation policy in America. Three hours lec. a week.

    RRES 489. Recreation Programming. (3) II. A study of the design, supply, and marketing of recreation programs by a variety of public, private, and commercial recreation and park agencies. Three hours lec. a week.

    RRES 490. Parks and Recreation Administration I. (3) I. A focus on basic skills specific to the management of public recreation and park agencies. Includes special emphasis on finance and budgeting, organizational structure, risk management, and an introduction to policy formulation. Three hours lec. a week.

    RRES 492. Internship in Parks and Recreation. (3) I, II, S. An intensive, paid practical experience with an approved agency, extending over a 10-week, 400-hour span. For seniors only.

    RRES 520. Research Methods in Parks and Recreation. (3) I. A study of basic research techniques and the application of specific methodologies in the analyses of recreation and park problems. Three hours lec. per week. Pr.: STAT 330 or 340.

    RRES 575. Management of Water Resources for Leisure. (3) II. A study of the management of water resources for leisure time uses. The course investigates the use of rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and marine resources. Management considerations, including agency policy formation, legal rights, use conflicts, and use valuation are covered. Three hours lec. a week.

    RRES 590. Park and Facility Maintenance. (1) I. Planning, execution, budgeting, and supervision of maintenance operations for public and private recreation agencies. Two hours lab a week. Pr.: Junior standing.

    RRES 635. Methods of Environmental Interpretation. (3) II. This course focuses on principles and techniques necessary to communicate environmental and cultural values to visitors in park areas. The philosophy, theory, design, and application of interpretive media to communicate information about the environment is studied. Two hours rec. and three hours lab a week. Field trips required. Pr.: FOR 375 and RRES 440.

    RRES 640. Advanced Environmental Interpretation. (3) II. This course builds on the principles and interpretive techniques which are introduced in RRES 635. Specifically, labs emphasize development of personal interpretive skills and students are introduced to interpretive media not covered in RRES 635 (e.g., video equipment, computers, etc.) The lecture and readings focus on the philosophy of interpretation and the theoretical framework for designing and evaluating interpretive strategies. One hour lec. and four hours lab a week. Field trips required. Pr.: RRES 635.

    RRES 675. Dimensions of Recreational Behavior. (3) II. A case study of the motivational factors and trends affecting recreational visitation patterns, including: attitudes, preferences, and satisfaction measurements. Three hours lec. a week. Pr.: RRES 490.

    RRES 699. Parks and Recreation Administration II. (3) II. A focus on personnel management, liability and political issues and funding options for park or recreation agencies. Three hours rec. a week. Field trips required. Pr.: RRES 490.

    RRES 705. Parks and Recreation Theory and Policy. (3) I, II. On sufficient demand. An analysis of the values, principles, theories, and processes of public policy development as it applies to the park and recreation profession. Three hours lec. a week. Pr.: RRES 489.

    RRES 756. Design of Parks and Recreation Areas. (3) I. Site planning of national, state, municipal, and private parks and specialized recreation areas. Three hours lec. a week. Pr.: Junior standing. Same as LAR 756.

    RRES 799. Problems in Parks and Recreation. (Var., 1-3) I, II, S. A special investigation of a problem in parks and recreation normally requiring a combination of experiential work, research, and writing. Pr.: RRES 520 or 590.

    Topics within Agriculture:
    dGeneral Requirements dAgricultural Technology Management dFood Science and Industry
    dUniversity General Education dAgronomy dGeneral Agriculture
    dProgram Choices dAnimal Sciences and Industry dGrain Science and Industry
    dAgricultural Economics dCommunications dHorticulture, Forestry, and Recreation Resources
    dAgricultural Education dEntomology dPlant Pathology
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    Kansas State University
    February 6, 2001